Stories of the Prophets


Allah (SWT) created the angels and the jinn before the creation of Adam (AS). The jinn lived on the earth, according to some traditions 2000 years before the creation of Adam (AS), and had free will, through which they filled the earth with corruption and rebellion….



Nuh (AS) was born in the 9th generation after Adam (AS). Ibn Abbaas (RA) said “The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said ‘The period between Adam and Nuh was ten centuries’” (Bukhari). After the death of Adam (AS), the people remained on pure tawheed for several generations. There were a number of pious worshippers amongst one of the communities, named Wadd, Suwaa’, Yaguth, Ya’uq and Nasr. After their death, Shaytaan suggested that statues be built in honour of their piety and as an inspiration. Many years later, Shaytaan came back and suggested the statues be moved inside the places of worship…



Hud (AS) was the great-great grandson of Nuh (AS) and the people who Hud (AS) was sent to, the people of ‘Ad, were the descendants of Nuh (AS) through his son Shem, according to Ibn Jarir. They lived in an area between Yemen and Oman. The people were well built in stature and known for constructing tall buildings. ‘Ad were also blessed with much power and wealth, but they became arrogant and ungrateful for the blessings Allah (SWT) had bestowed upon them. They believed in Allah but associated partners with Him (SWT)…



Ibrahim (AS) is known as the father of the Prophets as all subsequent Prophets are from his descendants. Through his son Isma’il (AS) came Muhammad (SAW) and through his second son Ishaq (AS) came the others, including Yusuf and Musa (AS) etc. Ibrahim (AS) was singled out as the khalil (friend) of Allah (SWT) and of all humanity, only Muhammad (SAW) has a higher status…



We know from the story of Ibrahim (AS) that he left his wife Haajar and son Isma’il (AS) in the desert where Makkah now stands. On reaching a location where neither could see him, Ibrahim (AS) made duaa, “Our Lord, I have settled some of my descendants in an uncultivated valley near Your sacred House, our Lord, that they may establish prayer. So make hearts among the people incline toward them and provide for them from the fruits that they might be grateful.” (14:37)



Lut (AS) was the nephew of Ibrahim (AS) and was sent by Allah (SWT) to follow a separate path than Ibrahim (AS), by going to the nation of Sadoom (Sodom). This nation was located in the region of Palestine. The people were an evil and corrupt community, hijacking, robbing and killing passers by. Additionally, the men of the community would commit sodomy in public without any shame. The message that Lut (AS) was sent with was very simple, but it is interesting to note that it was not a call to tawheed…



Aside from the story mentioned in Surah Yusuf and a few verses pertaining to the religion of Ya’qub (AS) being Islam, very little else is mentioned in the Qur’an and Sunnah regarding Ya’qub (AS). From the Judeo-Christian traditions, we are told that Ya’qub (AS) married two of his cousins and from these two, as well as two slave girls, he (AS) was blessed with one daughter and twelve sons, one of whom was Yusuf (AS)…



Yunus (AS) was sent to a town in modern day Iraq. His (AS) people were polytheists, and he devoted much time in calling them to tawheed. The people  of Yunus (AS) were unique among all the communities that Prophets were sent to, they believed in him (AS)…



According to Ibn Ishaq (RA), Ayyub (AS) was a Prophet sent to the Romans. He (AS) was born in the fourth generation after Ishaq (AS), through the line of his son, al-Eis, the twin of Ya’qub (AS). Ayyub (AS) was a noble Prophet who was always patient and in the remembrance of Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) blessed Ayyub (AS) with a large family, great wealth and health, and many servants. For his part, Ayyub (AS) would free the slaves, feed the poor and needy and do it in such a manner that the poor felt they were doing him (AS) a favour by accepting his charity…



Fir’aun, the ruler of Egypt, issued a decree to slay any male child that would be born to the children of Isra’eel every second year. Allah (SWT) tells us how He inspired the mother of Musa (AS) to put her baby in a basket, into the river, and saved him, by housing him (AS) with his biggest enemy, the enemy who had wanted him killed as a baby. (28:7-14)



Unlike the Prophets mentioned so far, Dawud (AS) was born into a community that already believed in Allah (SWT). As such, the trials he (AS) and subsequent Prophets born within the nation of the Israelites faced were different…



Despite his old age and feebleness, Zakariyya (AS) would go to the temple daily to deliver his sermons. He (AS) was not a rich man, but always ready to help those in need. He was very grateful but his one disappointment was that he (AS) had no children, as he feared there would be no one after him (AS) to continue with da’wah. Left to themselves, people would move away from Allah (SWT) and try to modify the Law that He had revealed, to suit their own whims and desires…



“And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book [the story of] Maryam, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east. And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. Then We sent to her Our Angel, and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man. She said, “Indeed, I seek refuge in the Most Merciful from you, [so leave me], if you should be fearing of Allah .” He said, “I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy.” She said, “How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?” He said, “Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter [already] decreed.’”” (19:16-21)



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